The Arrival of Islam in Indonesia

Daftar Sbmptn – Although it is a Hindu-Buddhist kingdom, Islam has influenced the ruling elite of Majapahit. The possibility of Islam existed in maritime Southeast Asia from the beginning of the Islamic era when Muslim traders came to the archipelago, made settlements in coastal areas, married local women, and were respected for their wealth gained through trade. Some local rulers may be interested in this new religion and find it advantageous to hold the same faith as most traders. The establishment of an Islamic kingdom is the next logical step. Allegedly the people of these kings followed him by converting to Islam.

Inscriptions on tombstones indicate that at the beginning of the 13th century. There was an Islamic kingdom in northern Sumatra called Pasai or Samudera. This kingdom is considered as the first Islamic kingdom in the archipelago. From North Sumatra, the influence of Islam then spread eastward through trade. On the north coast of Java, various Islamic cities emerged during the 14th century. However, it is not possible if some Javanese aristocrats from Majapahit in East Java converted to Islam because of trade. They may feel that their degrees are much higher compared to the social class of traders. The Javanese aristocrats were likely influenced by Sufi scholars and saints or guardians who claimed to have supernatural powers.

Read Also: Overview of Indonesia’s Political Structure

At the end of the 14th century and early 15th century, the influence of Majapahit in the archipelago began to decline due to the succession conflict and the increasing power of the Islamic kingdom. A new trading nation, Malacca, is one of these new powers. This power rises in the coastal area – currently, Malaysia – and is located in the narrowest part of the Malacca Strait. The country has become a very prosperous port with lucrative facilities in a broad trade network that stretches from China and Maluku at the east end to Africa and the Mediterranean at the west end. Although Malacca was originally a Hindu-Buddhist country, it quickly became a Muslim sultanate. Probably due to trade-related reasons.

The historical relationship between trade and Islam is also seen in developments on the island of Ternate – currently the province of Maluku in eastern Indonesia. Ternate became a rich area due to clove production. From the island of Java – and through trade – Islam spread to this area, resulting in the establishment of the empire at the end of the 15th century. The sultanate succeeded in controlling most of Eastern Indonesia, but the Dutch undermined its position in the 17th century.

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